The track category is the heading under which your abstract will be reviewed and later published in the conference printed matters if accepted. During the submission process, you will be asked to select one track category for your abstract.
Microbiology is the study of micro-organisms that are unicellular, acellular and multicellular. It includes several sub-disciplines like bacteriology, virology, mycology, parasitology, protozoology, nematology etc.
- Track 1-1Bacteriology and Virology
- Track 1-2Mycology and Protozoology
- Track 1-3Parasitology and Phycology
- Track 1-4Nematology
- Track 1-5Microbial Cytology
- Track 1-6Microbial Ecology and Physiology
- Track 1-7Microbial Genetics
Medical microbiology, also known as '''clinical microbiology''', is the study of microbes, such as bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites, which cause human illness and their role in the disease. It also deals with the clinical and medical application of the microbes for the human welfare in all sectors namely industrial, clinical, environmental, diagnostic, therapy etc.
- Track 2-1Diagnosis of Diseases
- Track 2-2Treatment for Disease
- Track 2-3Prevention of Diseases
- Track 2-4Analysis of Disease and examination
Applied Microbiology is the branch of microbiology that deals with the usage of the microbes for the upliftment and well-being of human and other living organisms. Environmental Microbiology deals with the study of microbes that exists in our surroundings including air, water, soil etc.
- Track 3-1Pharmaceutical Microbiology
- Track 3-2Oral Microbiology
- Track 3-3Agricultural Microbiology
- Track 3-4Petroleum Microbiology
- Track 3-5Advancements in Food and Industrial Microbiology
- Track 3-6Plant and Veterinary Microbiology
- Track 3-7Aero Microbiology
- Track 3-8Forensic Microbiology
- Track 3-9Astro, Nano and Predictive Microbiology
- Track 3-10Microbial Ecology
- Track 3-11Microbially mediated nutrient cycling
- Track 3-12Geomicrobiology
- Track 3-13Microbial Diversity
- Track 3-14Bioremediation
- Track 3-15Probiotics and Prebiotics
Cellular microbiology interlinks the fields of cell biology and microbiology. It deals with the study of cellular structures of microorganisms. Evolutionary Microbiology is a branch of microbiology that deals with the study of evolution of microbes. Generation microbiology deals with the study of microorganisms that share the same characters as their parents, so that it could help us find the height of virulence of the microbes and the disease caused by it.
Pathogenesis is the biological mechanism that would lead to the diseases state. Immunity is the balanced state of having adequate biological defences to fight against infection, disease, or other unwanted biological invasion, while having adequate tolerance to avoid allergy, and autoimmune diseases. Immunity involves both specific and nonspecific components. The nonspecific components act either as barriers or as eliminators of wide range of pathogens irrespective of antigenic specificity. Other components of the immune system adapt themselves to each new disease encountered and can generate pathogen-specific immunity.
- Track 5-1Translational and Clinical Research in Pathology
- Track 5-2Microbial Pathology in Hospitals
- Track 5-3Microbial Infection and Epidemic Process
- Track 5-4Host Responses and Inflammation
- Track 5-5Host Responses and Inflammation
- Track 5-6Tissue Breakdown
- Track 5-7Microbial Immunity and Vaccines
- Track 5-8Autoimmune Disease
- Track 5-9Allergy
- Track 5-10Phagocytosis
Microorganisms cause various diseases that be acute or chronic. They include diseases like HIV, Ebola, Tuberculosis, Common Cold, Measles, Zika, Malaria, Flu, Hepatitis, Strep Throat etc. These infections may be Communicable or Non-Communicable and their way of spreading may differ accordingly.
- Track 6-1Bacterial Diseases
- Track 6-2Viral Diseases
- Track 6-3Diseases caused by Fungi, Algae and Parasites
- Track 6-4Diseases caused by Protozoans and Nematode worms
- Track 6-5Diseases caused by unknown microbes
Infection is the invasion of an organism's body tissues by disease-causing agents and the reaction of host tissues to the infectious agents and the toxins they produce. They should be diagnosed and treated at the early stage to avoid any further complications. The development of new techniques in the diagnosis and treatment should reduce the time consumption to detect the infection caused by a specific microbe.
- Track 7-1Innovation of New Techniques for Diagnosis of Infections
- Track 7-2Innovation of New Techniques for Diagnosis of Infections
- Track 7-3New Treatment Methods
Microbes would affect almost all parts of our body including heart, lungs, gastrointestinal tract, urinary tract, nervous system, skin, brain, gut, nails, limbs etc.
- Track 8-1Cardiac Infections
- Track 8-2Lung and Respiratory Tract Infections
- Track 8-3Urinary Infections
- Track 8-4Gastrointestinal Tract Infections
- Track 8-5Skin and Nail Infections
- Track 8-6Gut Infections
- Track 8-7Brain Infections
- Track 8-8Nervous System Infections
Hospital-acquired infection also known as nosocomial infection is an infection that is contracted from the environment or staff of a healthcare facility. It can be spread in the hospital environment, nursing home environment, rehabilitation facility, clinic, or other clinical settings. Infection is spread to the susceptible patient in the clinical setting by a number of means. Health care staff can spread infection, in addition to contaminated equipment, bed linens, or air droplets. Controlling nosocomial infection is to implement Quality assurance / Quality control measures to the health care sectors, and evidence-based management can be a feasible approach.
- Track 9-1Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology
- Track 9-2Medical Microbiology
- Track 9-3Anti- Infective Agents
- Track 9-4Anti- Infective Agents
- Track 9-5Prevention & Risk Factors
- Track 9-6Healthcare-Associated Infections
- Track 9-7Pharmacoepidemiology, improved prescribing and antibiotic stewardship
Antimicrobial resistance refers to microbe’s ability to change and become less susceptible to drugs. The development of antimicrobial drugs (antibiotics, antivirals, antifungals and antiparasitics) to treat otherwise life-threatening infections has been one of the most notable medical achievements in human history. Antimicrobial stewardship refers to coordinated interventions designed to improve and measure the appropriate use of antimicrobials by promoting the selection of the optimal antimicrobial drug regimen, dose, duration of therapy, and route of administration.
- Track 10-1Mechanisms of action, preclinical data & pharmacology of antibacterial agents
- Track 10-2Pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamics of antibacterial drugs & therapeutic drug monitoring
- Track 10-3New antibacterial agents: clinical trials
Vaccination is the administration of the antigenic material to stimulate an individual’s immunity against a pathogen. It is the most effective way of developing immunity against the infectious disease among a huge set of population. The vaccinations are provided in a particular schedule right from the time of birth.
- Track 11-1Pregnancy Vaccinations
- Track 11-2Scheduled Vaccinations for Children and Infants
- Track 11-3Painless Vaccinations
- Track 11-4Production of Vaccines using Microbes
- Track 11-5New Vaccination Techniques and Schedules
Bioinformatics is an interdisciplinary field that develops methods and software tools for understanding biological data. It combines biology, computer science, mathematics and statistics to analyse and interpret biological data. It includes DNA sequencing, Genome Annotation, Analysis of gene expression, mutations in cancer, image and signal processing.
- Track 12-1Gene Sequencing of Complex Diseases
- Track 12-2New Techniques to Study Microbes and its Infections
- Track 12-3Drug Designing and Delivery
- Track 12-4Computational Biology
- Track 12-5Bio-Engineering & Systems Microbiology
Molecular microbiology is the study of the molecular principles of the physiological processes in microorganisms. Genomics is an interdisciplinary field of science focusing on the structure, function, evolution, mapping, and editing of genomes. A genome is an organism's complete set of DNAs, including all of its genes.
- Track 13-1DNA Sequencing
- Track 13-2Genome Annotation
- Track 13-3Functional Genomics
- Track 13-4Structural Genomics
- Track 13-5Epigenomics
- Track 13-6Metagenomics
- Track 13-7Usage of Bacteriophages and Cyanobacteria
- Track 13-8Synthetic Biology and Bioengineering
- Track 13-9Conservation Genomics
- Track 13-10Cell Function
- Track 13-11Molecular Cloning
- Track 13-12Polymerase Chain Reaction
- Track 13-13Gel Electrophoresis
- Track 13-14Macromolecule Blotting and Probing
- Track 13-15Microarrays
- Track 13-16Genomic Medicine
Biotechnology is a branch of science that makes use of the living organisms and systems to make new products that would uplift the living style of human beings. It usually includes the production of artificial products with high quality by cloning, hybridization and cloning. Biochemistry is the branch of science that deals with the study of chemical processes within and relating to living organisms.
- Track 14-1Bioengineering
- Track 14-2Biomedical Engineering
- Track 14-3Biomanufacturing
- Track 14-4Molecular Engineering
- Track 14-5Genomics
- Track 14-6Recombinant Gene Techniques
- Track 14-7Applied Immunology
- Track 14-8Development of Pharmaceutical Therapies
- Track 14-9Diagnostic Tests
- Track 14-10Bioprocess Engineering
- Track 14-11Biorobotics
- Track 14-12Chemical Engineering
- Track 14-13Properties and Habitants of Biofilms
Biofilm is the formation of group of microorganisms that may belong to the same species or may consist of different species. Usually they will be found as a dental plaque and in the vaginal and urinary tract. It is difficult to eradicate them. They can be used in various industries for the various purposes.
- Track 15-1Formation and Development of Biofilms
- Track 15-2Dental Plaque
- Track 15-3Biofilms Causing Infections
- Track 15-4Uses of Biofilms in Various Fields
- Track 15-5Biofilm Production
Genetic Engineering is the branch of science that deals with the genetic modification or manipulation of genes like gene transfer, gene copying, addition and removal of genetical data from a specified genetic material. This procedure is normally used to enhance a person’s health by removing the inappropriate gene that is causing disease.
- Track 16-1Breeding
- Track 16-2Molecular Cloning
- Track 16-3Transformation
- Track 16-4Transfection
- Track 16-5Transduction
- Track 16-6Gene Therapy
Microscopy is the field of using microscopes to view objects that cannot be viewed via a naked eye. Being the main tool for a microbiologist the microscopes can be classified into many types depending on the need and the type of specimen to be studied.
- Track 17-1Compound Microscope
- Track 17-2Simple Microscope
- Track 17-3Optical Microscopy
- Track 17-4Electron Microscopy
- Track 17-5Ultraviolet Microscopy
- Track 17-6Scanning Probe Microscopy
- Track 17-7Infrared Microscopy
- Track 17-8Digital Holographic Microscopy
- Track 17-9Digital Pathology (Virtual Microscopy)
- Track 17-10Laser Microscopy
- Track 17-11Photoacoustic Microscopy
- Track 17-12Amateur Microscopy
- Track 17-13Stereo Microscope
- Track 17-14Confocal Microscope
- Track 17-15Fluorescence Microscopy
- Track 17-16Handling Data
Microbiologists play an important role in the field of science. They work with the microorganisms and they must follow certain procedures and rules when working in the laboratory to avoid any adverse effects. They should be careful in handling the data of the patient and while working with the organisms.
- Track 18-1Laboratory Research
- Track 18-2Education
- Track 18-3Administrative Work
- Track 18-4Fund Processing
- Track 18-5Rules in the Laboratory
- Track 18-6Precautionary Measures
- Track 18-7Recovery Procedures After Damage of Laboratory
New infections still present a threat to humanity. Novel pathogens often infect humans, but it is not yet well understood why only some pathogens acquire the ability to spread efficiently to other humans. An emerging infectious disease is an infectious disease whose incidence has increased in the past 20 years and could increase in the near future. Emerging infections account for at least 12% of all human pathogens. Public health emergencies caused by infectious threats have the potential to kill thousands or millions of people. These threats can emerge naturally as outbreaks or pandemics, such as influenza (pandemic and seasonal), severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), extremely-drug resistant (XDR) tuberculosis.
- Track 19-1Determinants of Emergence and Reemergence
- Track 19-2Environmental Detection
- Track 19-3Bioterrorism & Bioweapons
- Track 19-4Biodefense
- Track 19-5Biodetection Technologies